10 Biggest Massacres in Mankind Past !, 10 Pembantaian Terkejam di Dunia
Human history is a unique blend of successes and failures, victories and vanquishes and of love and war. Over the period of years, humans have fought various wars that have led to various other events that ignited more and more enmity between the people. Massacres are one of such events that have led to the death of many innocent lives and of those who started this massacres in order to the quench their thirst for revenge and for their human ego. Throughout history you will find numerous big and small massacre events that have changed the world, but these 10 are surely the biggest massacres in the history of mankind.
1. Hiroshima and Nagasaki Massacre
During the final stages of World War II in 1945, the United States conducted two atomic bombings against the cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan, the first on August 6, 1945 and the second on August 9, 1945. These two events are the only use of nuclear weapons in war to date.
For six months before the atomic bombings, the United States intensely fire-bombed 67 Japanese cities. Together with the United Kingdom and the Republic of China, the United States called for a surrender of Japan in the Potsdam Declaration on July 26, 1945. The Japanese government ignored this ultimatum. By executive order of President Harry S. Truman, the U.S. dropped the nuclear weapon “Little Boy” on the city of Hiroshima on Monday, August 6, 1945, followed by the detonation of “Fat Man” over Nagasaki on August 9.
Within the first two to four months of the bombings, the acute effects killed 90,000–166,000 people in Hiroshima and 60,000–80,000 in Nagasaki, with roughly half of the deaths in each city occurring on the first day. The Hiroshima prefectural health department estimates that, of the people who died on the day of the explosion, 60% died from flash or flame burns, 30% from falling debris and 10% from other causes. During the following months, large numbers died from the effect of burns, radiation sickness, and other injuries, compounded by illness. In a US estimate of the total immediate and short term cause of death, 15–20% died from radiation sickness, 20–30% from flash burns, and 50–60% from other injuries, compounded by illness. In both cities, most of the dead were civilians, this is a true massacre.
2. Nankin Massacre
The Nanking Massacre is also known as the Rape of Nanking where hundreds of thousands of civilians were brutally murdered and raped in the city of Nanking which was the former capital city of the Republic of China. The massacre went on for a period of six weeks where the soldiers of Imperial Japanese Army entered the city of Nanking and start killing people of China. The Nanking Massacre is considered to be the worst massacre in human history because more than 80 thousand men and women were killed, tortured and raped in a period of six weeks.
3. Babi Yar Massacre
The Babi Yar massacre happened in the year 1941 when more than 33 thousand Jews were killed in a single operation that was led by the military governor, Major General Friedrich Eberhardt, the Police Commander of Army Group South Friedrich Jeckeln and C Commander Otto Rasch. The operation was carried out by combined forces like SS, SD and SiPo. Babi Yar is a ravine just outside Kiev which is the capital of Ukraine. However, Nazi forces soon captured Kiev and were looking out for Jews who were hiding in Babi Yar. The Babi Yar massacre is largest single mass killing massacre in the world.
4. St. Bartholomew’s Day Massacre
Also popular known as Massacre de la Saint-Barthelemy this event took place in 1572 in Paris. The massacre began two days after the attempted assassination of Admiral Gaspard de Coligny, who was the military and political leader of Huguenots. Soon after that a group of assassinations along with Roman Catholic mob began to start killing people all over Paris and the massacre spread to other urban areas and countryside as well. It is estimated that around 30 thousand people were killed in this massacre.
5. NKVD Prisoner Massacre
NKVD Prisoner Massacre is also known as the Massacre of Prisoners where a series of mass executions were performed against the NKVD prisoners in Poland and other Baltic states like Romania and Ukraine. The estimated death toll of this massacre is around 22 thousand prisoners were killed in series of killings that happened in different places. However, not all NKVD prisoners were killed and executed because some of them managed to escape from these prisons.
6. Katyn Massacre
Katyn Massacre also known as the Katyn Forest Massacre was an event where thousands of Polish prisoners of war, military officers, intellectuals and policemen were slaughtered by the Soviet NKVD. The victims were taken to Katyn Forest in Russia where Stalin ordered his army to execute all the prisoners of war instantly. The death toll of Katyn Massacre also reached around 21 thousand on an estimate.
7. Massacre of Thessalonica
The massacre of Thessalonica happened in a retaliatory action by a Roman Emperor Theodosius in 390. According to the sources, in April 390, a charioteer was arrested by the Roman military commander but soon he became the victim of mutiny which angered the Roman Emperor and he decided to kill all those people who were revolting against the orders. Though, the Emperor did had second thoughts to stop the killing the message of stopping the massacre reached late and more than 7000 people were already slaughtered.
8. The Massacre of Elphinstone’s Army
The Massacre of Elphinstone’s Army was very much like a war where Afghan forces took over the combined British and Indian forces led by Major General William Elphinstone in 1842. Three years prior to this event, British forces captured Kabul due to which there was a lot of anger and feeling of revenge in Afghan forces. However, when British were leaving Kabul, Afghan forces led by Akbar Khan, the son of Dost Mohammed Khan attacked the British troops in a surprise strategic move. The Afghan killed and murdered around 4500 men that consist of British and Indian soldiers.
9. Sabra and Shatila Massacre
In 1982, Kataeb Party that was led by Christian Lebanese Forces carried out a massacre where they killed and slaughtered Palestinian and Lebanese Muslim civilians. The massacre event triggered shortly after the assassination of Phalangist leader and President Bachir Gemayel. As per the sources more than 3500 people were killed in this massacre. Though, it is debated that it was because of Israeli Defense Force’s help that these forces were able to enter the Sabra and Shatila camps and massacre the people who were unaware of the events to unfold. The event was very much in the news for a lot of time due to which it attracted international reactions which further led to many controversies and debate that were later sorted out.
10. Gaza Massacre by Israelian Soldier
The Israeli prosecution intends to close an investigation that was initiated to reveal the circumstances that led to the death of four Palestinian civilians, including a three-year –old child, after Israeli soldiers opened fire at them during the Gaza War despite the fact that they carried white flags.
Israeli paper, Haaretz, said that the investigation is considered the largest of its kind and included listening to testimonies of 140 soldiers and Palestinian witnesses.
The incident took place on January, 5, 2009, in Al Zeitoun neighborhood in Gaza city after Israel started the ground assault on Gaza following a week of aerial strikes and artillery bombardment.
On that day, the second phase of Operation Cast Lead, the family in question was among dozens of victims.
But in this specific incident, residents Mohammad Hijazi, Mahmoud Hijazi, Hashad Hijzai (the three-year-old child), and Ola Arafat were shot dead by Israeli soldiers despite carrying white flags, and nine residents, including a 7-month-old child, were wounded.
According to the Haaretz, the investigation will be closed in the coming few days due to “the lack of evidence that the soldiers violated open-fire orders”.
1419 Palestinians, including children, women and elderly, were killed during the three-week war on Gaza. We don’t believe it hapen in 21’st century. No Human right with stupid impotent United Nations.